Van Gogh was inspired by Rembrandt his whole life long, both spiritually and artistically. Paintings like The Jewish bride and The supper at Emmaus made a profound impression on him, but even simple reproductions fascinated and moved him deeply. Vincent often mentioned Rembrandt in his letters to his brother Theo, and occasionally he produced works that were based directly on those of his famous predecessor. The well-known Raising of Lazarus is a free and very personal translation in colour of Rembrandt’s etching of the subject, and it was painted at a time when Vincent was very despondent and hoped to experience a similar resurrection himself.